Дата публикации: 2018-05-27 18:05
In June, Pruitt joined Trump in the White House Rose Garden as Trump announced that the United States was withdrawing from the Paris climate accord. Although there is a consensus among scientists that human activity is causing climate change, Pruitt is skeptical of this view unlike Trump, who has called global warming a “hoax” created by the Chinese, Pruitt expresses his dissent with deliberate mildness. Last March, he told CNBC, “Measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do.” He went on, “I would not agree that it’s a primary contributor to the global warming that we see. But we don’t know that yet. We need to continue to debate, continue the review and analysis.” The ., he has said, will commence a “red team–blue team” review of climate-change science that puts “experts in a room and lets them debate.”
In the Trump Administration’s original budget blueprint, over-all . funding was to be cut by thirty-one per cent. The budget of the division that houses the Ann Arbor lab was to be reduced from a hundred and eight million dollars to seventy-six million.
In general, though, Pruitt’s track record in suing the ., which he did fourteen times, was spotty. When the agency rejected Oklahoma’s plan for reducing emissions of sulfur dioxide, a component of smog, because it wasn’t stringent enough, Pruitt sued, contending that the . had usurped Oklahoma’s authority. An appellate court ruled against him, and the Supreme Court declined to hear the case. Half of the legal actions that Pruitt joined against the . have been either dismissed on jurisdictional grounds or declined on substantive ones. Several of the lawsuits are ongoing. (He has recused himself from lawsuits against the agency in which Oklahoma is involved. Two of them are named “Oklahoma ex rel. Pruitt v. .”)
If the pictures of those towering wildfires in Colorado haven 8767 t convinced you, or the size of your AC bill this summer, here are some hard numbers about climate change : June broke or tied 8,765 high-temperature records across the United States. That followed the warmest May on record for the Northern Hemisphere &ndash the 877th consecutive month in which the temperature of the entire globe exceeded the 75th-century average, the odds of which occurring by simple chance were x 65-99, a number considerably larger than the number of stars in the universe.
In October, Pruitt issued an agency directive ending the practice, saying that past settlements “appeared to be the result of collusion with outside groups.” He added, “. will not resolve litigation through backroom deals with any type of special-interest group.” Given Pruitt’s frequent private meetings with industry representatives, this struck many . staffers as hypocritical.
In the early seventies, the ., operating under the Clean Air Act, began requiring car manufacturers to sharply reduce emissions. Some regulations were designed to be “technology forcing”: high-efficiency vehicles did not yet exist, but regulators expected the auto industry to get creative under pressure. Technology forcing was controversial, but it worked. Car manufacturers developed the catalytic converter (to transform harmful hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides into water and carbon dioxide) and electronic fuel injection (to improve fuel efficiency and produce cleaner exhaust).
Lois Gibbs is sometimes called the “mother of the Superfund.” As a housewife living in upstate New York, in the seventies, she helped draw attention to a toxic-waste dump in her neighborhood, Love Canal. Gibbs, who founded an organization called the Center for Health, Environment, and Justice, has met with Kelly several times. She was discomfited by the way he and his team were running Superfund “like it’s their own small business—not part of an agency with other staffers.”
Fifty-seven former . attorneys wrote a letter of protest, saying that Pruitt had provided “no evidence to substantiate” the claim that ending sue-and-settle would save money. The agency would simply end up in court more, with all the attendant expenses.
It’s an open secret in Washington that Pruitt would like to become Attorney General if President Trump fires Jeff Sessions, and at the . he often sounds like he’s trying out for that post, repeating a set of talking points, honed in conservative legal circles, about the dangers of “federal overreach.” In Pennsylvania, Pruitt told the miners, and a contingent of corporate executives, that “the days of our agency declaring war on your industry are over.” He went on, “It’s not right for government to do that.” Many of his comments that day sounded like rallying cries. “You guys are a handsome crew!” he declared. “The cavalry’s on the way!”
S cientists estimate that humans can pour roughly 565 more gigatons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by midcentury and still have some reasonable hope of staying below two degrees. ( 8775 Reasonable, 8776 in this case, means four chances in five, or somewhat worse odds than playing Russian roulette with a six-shooter.)